# Price-Earnings Ratio - P/E Ratio

A valuation ratio of a company's current share price compared to its per-share earnings.

Calculated as:__Market Value per Share__Earnings per Share (EPS)

For example, if a company is currently trading at $43 a share and earnings over the last 12 months were $1.95 per share, the P/E ratio for the stock would be 22.05 ($43/$1.95).

EPS is usually from the last four quarters (trailing P/E), but sometimes it can be taken from the estimates of earnings expected in the next four quarters (projected or forward P/E). A third variation uses the sum of the last two actual quarters and the estimates of the next two quarters.

Also sometimes known as "price multiple" or "earnings multiple".In general, a high P/E suggests that investors are expecting higher earnings growth in the future compared to companies with a lower P/E. However, the P/E ratio doesn't tell us the whole story by itself. It's usually more useful to compare the P/E ratios of one company to other companies in the same industry, to the market in general or against the company's own historical P/E. It would not be useful for investors using the P/E ratio as a basis for their investment to compare the P/E of a technology company (high P/E) to a utility company (low P/E) as each industry has much different growth prospects.

The P/E is sometimes referred to as the "multiple", because it shows how much investors are willing to pay per dollar of earnings. If a company were currently trading at a multiple (P/E) of 20, the interpretation is that an investor is willing to pay $20 for $1 of current earnings.

It is important that investors note an important problem that arises with the P/E measure, and to avoid basing a decision on this measure alone. The denominator (earnings) is based on an accounting measure of earnings that is susceptible to forms of manipulation, making the quality of the P/E only as good as the quality of the underlying earnings number.

*Investment dictionary.
Academic.
2012.*

### Look at other dictionaries:

**price/earnings ratio**— (P/E ratio) One of the methods of measuring how highly investors value the earnings of a company. It is calculated by dividing the company s share market price by its earnings per share. Traditionally, a high price/earnings ratio suggests a… … Law dictionary**price/earnings ratio**— ( P/E ratio) A measurement of a company s rating, calculated by dividing the share price by the annual earnings per share. A high P/E ratio means the company is highly rated by the stock market, suggesting that investors think its prospects are… … Financial and business terms**Price/Earnings ratio**— ( P/E ratio) A measurement of a company s rating, calculated by dividing the share price by the annual earnings per share. A high P/E ratio means the company is highly rated by the stock market, suggesting that investors think its prospects are… … Financial and business terms**price-earnings ratio**— UK / US or price earnings multiple UK / US noun [countable] Word forms price earnings ratio : singular price earnings ratio plural price earnings ratios business a way of measuring the value of a company s stock by dividing the price for each… … English dictionary**price-earnings ratio**— ☆ price earnings ratio [prīs′ʉrn΄iŋz ] n. the ratio of the current market price of a share of stock to the corporation s annual earnings per share … English World dictionary**price-earnings ratio**— price earnings ,ratio or ,price earnings ,multiple noun count BUSINESS a way of measuring the value of a company s STOCK by dividing the price for each SHARE by what the company earns for it … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English**Price-Earnings-Ratio**— [ praɪs əːnɪȖz reɪʃɪəʊ, englisch], Kurs Gewinn Verhältnis … Universal-Lexikon**price-earnings ratio**— Shows the multiple of earnings at which a stock sells. Determined by dividing current stock price by current earnings per share (adjusted for stock splits). Earnings per share for the P/E ratio are determined by dividing earnings for past 12… … Financial and business terms**Price/earnings ratio**— Shows the multiple of earnings at which a stock sells. Determined by dividing current stock price by current earnings per share (adjusted for stock splits). Earnings per share for the P/E ratio is determined by dividing earnings for past 12… … Financial and business terms**price / earnings ratio**— akcijos kainos ir pelno santykis statusas T sritis turto vertinimas apibrėžtis Akcijos kaina, padalyta iš akcijos pelno. atitikmenys: angl. price / earnings ratio šaltinis Tarptautiniai vertinimo standartai (2011) … Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)**price/earnings ratio**— /ˌpraɪs ɜ:nɪŋz ˌreɪʃiəυ/ noun a ratio between the current market price of a share and the earnings per share (the current dividend it produces), calculated by dividing the market price by the earnings per share ● these shares sell at a P/E ratio… … Dictionary of banking and finance